According to a study published in British Journal of Dermatology, Children under one year of age who are treated with antibiotics may have 40% higher risk of eczema.

A review of 20 researches for potential link between early antibiotic and later eczema diagnosis, it was found that exposure of early antibiotics (either through mother during pregnancy or directly treatment to child), each additional course of antibiotic increases a future risk of eczema by 7%. The greatest risk they claimed was from broad-spectrum antibiotics like amoxicillin. Another new finding by Thomas Abrahamsson of Linkoping University of Sweden, supports this theory.

How Antibiotics Harm the Immune System At Early Ages?

Around 10 to 20% of children get suffered with eczema. Of these 50% will continue to suffer from symptoms of eczema, like red and itchy sores in adulthood and then commonly treated with steroids.

Though the exact causes of eczema are still unclear, but speculation have linked it to anything from allergies to vaccines, antibiotics and other drugs like acetaminophen or Tylenol.

Several researchers suggested that early treatment with antibiotic might prevent the developing immune system from being exposed to enough pathogens, thereby hindering its ability to develop appropriate immune responses.

Stated by Dr. Teresa Tsakok, of Guy’s and St. Thomas Hospital NHS foundation Trust, London, “One potential explanation is broad-spectrum antibiotics alter the gut microflora and this in turn affects the maturing immune system in a way that promotes allergic disease development”.

According to Nina Goad of the British Association of Dermatologists, allergies in children like eczema have increased over past couple of decades, especially in high income countries leaving the exact cause of eczema still unlearned.

These evidences are not the bottom line and researchers do not suggest parents to keep away their children from antibiotics, especially when doctors feel such antibiotics are the necessary treatments. The purpose of this content is to give an insight into possible avoidable causes and guidance for medical practice.